Download PDF by S. Morris: Science and the End of Ethics

By S. Morris

ISBN-10: 1137499842

ISBN-13: 9781137499844

Science and the tip of Ethics examines one of the most very important confident and detrimental implications that technological know-how has for ethics. Addressing the adverse implications first, writer Stephen Morris discusses how modern technological know-how presents major demanding situations to ethical realism. One risk opposed to ethical realism comes from evolutionary conception, which means that our ethical ideals are unconnected to any proof that might cause them to precise. sarcastically, a number of the related parts of technology (e.g. evolutionary biology, neuroscience, psychology) that current problems for ethical realism element to a brand new moral method that specializes in attaining many of the key functional pursuits shared through ethicists. leader between those is how one can bring up amicable habit between people.

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In the case where my fear of a venomous snake being in front of me corresponds with the actual presence of a venomous snake in my path, it would seem that I could provide a justificatory story along the lines of what McDowell 26 Science and the End of Ethics suggests. , this object in front of me appears to match the characteristics that I have learned to be identified with a particular type of venomous snake and such snakes have been known to inflict harmful bites on people). In light of this kind of justification, there is good reason to believe that my claim of being confronted by a fearful object approximates an instance of knowledge.

If I say that “stealing is wrong” in a way that honestly reflects my current sentiments, then this statement is true insofar as I make that utterance. Prinz’s rejection of moral objectivism follows from his account of moral judgments. The nonobjectivist element of his moral position is manifest in his view that there is no moral criterion (be it mind independent or otherwise) that could determine whether one moral perspective is superior to another. Having covered the basic elements of Prinz’s account of morality, we can now ask whether it constitutes a preferable realist alternative to error theory.

My decision to discuss these particular realist accounts is due in large part to my belief that specifying the manner in which they are supposed to differ from error theories is an effective way of making clear the specifics of my antirealist position. That said, the realist theories that I critique in this chapter are among the more prominent and/or representative examples of internalist alternatives to error theory, and it is for this reason that the objections I bring against them should be of interest to those interested in debates concerning moral realism.

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Science and the End of Ethics by S. Morris

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